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1. Applicable law

These Terms of Business shall be interpreted in accordance with the laws of The Netherlands, to which both my Client and I agree to submit in the event of any dispute.

2. Definitions

In these Terms of Business:

a)  the Client is the person or corporate body that places a commission;

b)  the Translator (I/me/my) is the practitioner who accepts the commission;

c)  the commission is the assignment or work placed with the Translator by the Client and may comprise translation, abstracting, revising/editing translations or any other similar or associated work;

d)  the source language is the language in which the text to be translated or abstracted is written;

e)  the target language will be solely Dutch (Netherlands) and is the language into which the text of the commission is to be translated or the abstract is to be written; any text to be revised or edited will also be in the target language;

f)  for the purpose of translation and related work, requirements shall include the required layout, software, deadlines, target language, the purpose of the translation or related work (e.g., whether for publication, information only, etc), method of delivery, any special terminology to be used, whether proof-reading/checking will be done by the Client, etc.

3. Purpose

These Terms of Business are intended:

a)  as a basis for executing commissions and will be made available to my Client(s) on request;

b)  to form the basis of a good working relationship between Clients and myself as Translator.

4. Acceptance

Having regard to my other commitments, I shall not be obliged to accept a commission if the Client asking for a quotation fails to place the order in writing within the timeframe stipulated by my quotation/offer.

5. Delivery date(s)

Delivery date(s) shall be binding only when I have had full sight of the material to be translated. They may be subject to alteration if any amendment is made to the requirements after the commission has been placed and accepted by me. The Client undertakes to deliver the commission promptly to me. I shall not be held responsible for any loss, damage or late delivery of finished work due to disruption of the postal or telecommunication services or to force majeure (see Clause 14 below).

6. Fees

6.1  Fees/rates shall be agreed before work is commenced and any estimate based on the Client’s description of the work shall not be binding until I have submitted a quotation based on full sight of the commission or until I have accepted them in writing;

6.2  Fees/rates may be varied after work has commenced if it emerges that not all the relevant information has been provided and/or if there are any changes to the requirements;

6.3  The basis on which fees are calculated shall be agreed before work commences, as shall the charges to be made for any additional requirements (e.g., special delivery, courier charges);

6.4  I reserve the right to refuse free “test” translations.

6.5  All fees/rates are exclusive of Value Added Tax (VAT/btw) or sales tax. VAT at the current value will be added to my invoice, when applicable.

7. Invoicing Procedure

Invoice in PDF format shall be sent by email to Client on a monthly basis, unless otherwise agreed.

8. Payment

8.1  Payment for services rendered under contract shall be due 30 calendar days after the invoice date (or within such other term as agreed upon by both parties in writing before work commences);

8.2  Payment shall be net and in full — without any discount, set-off or deferral — in the currency invoiced;

8.3  Payment shall be done to the account referred in my invoice. Only payments in EUR are accepted, unless otherwise agreed;

8.4  Electronic payments through PayPal are not accepted;

8.5  In the case of long commissions, I may require payment in installments.

9. Cancellation

If work is commissioned and subsequently cancelled, the Client shall pay either a sum equal to the proportion of the complete fee which the work completed bears to the original text and a further sum charged on a time basis for preliminary research and enquiries or shall pay some other compensatory sum to be agreed between the parties. The work completed shall be available to the Client.

10. Nature of translation

10.1  Client agrees that a translation is of such complexity that it might have inherent differences, and further accepts that a perfect translation of a word or sentence might be impossible. I shall translate specialized terms by their usual and conventional meanings or using appropriate dictionaries and/or glossaries in my possession or supplied by the Client, and otherwise make decisions based on my standard translation procedures. Technical considerations may dictate variations between original and translated documents. I shall use my best professional judgment in the selection of terminology in a given field.

10.2  A translation reflects the quality of the original written material. Where concepts are poorly expressed in the original material(s), where the wrong choice of language has been made, where typographical mistakes are present, or where the text is incomplete or factually incorrect, the same inadequacies may appear in the translation.

11. Original text copyright, translation rights and illegal matters

11.1  Where copyright exists in texts to be translated, the Client warrants that it has obtained all consents necessary for such translation to be made;

11.2  The Client shall hold the Translator harmless from any claim for infringement of copyright and/or translation rights and also from any legal action which may arise from the contents of the original;

11.3  I reserve the right of refusing the translation of any matter which, in my sole opinion, is or may be of an illegal or libelous nature;

11.4  I shall be indemnified by the Client in respect of any claims, proceedings, costs and expenses arising out of any libelous matter printed for the Client, or any infringement of copyright, patent or design or third party right.

11.5 If the translation is to be incorporated in a translation memory, I shall license use of the translation for this purpose;

11.6  If my translation is in any way amended or altered without my written permission, I shall not be in any way liable for the amendments made or their consequences.

12. Confidentiality

12.1  I shall treat all work entrusted to me in complete confidentiality. I will not make direct contact with my Client’s clients (when such fact is known to me) without the express permission of my Client;

12.2  As the Translator, I shall not make copies in addition to those required in the normal conduct of business and copies shall be for personal/internal use only. Only such copies shall be retained as are required for professional indemnity insurance;

12.3 I shall ensure that the need for confidentiality is made known to any third parties (typists, checkers, proofreaders, etc.) I shall employ. When necessary, I shall consult with colleagues about problems of terminology and other linguistic matters, but I shall ensure in all cases that there is no disclosure of confidential material;

12.4  The Client shall not disclose to third parties any information relating to me or my business (e.g., fees, working methods, names and addresses/telephone numbers of individuals without my permission.

13. Responsibility and Liability

I shall endeavor to ensure that the translation is suitable for its agreed purpose and target readership. I shall exclusively be liable to the Client for the correction and making good of any shortcomings of my work. I shall under no circumstances be liable for any other forms of loss or damage, such as indirect loss, consequential loss, trading loss, loss caused by delay in performance or loss of profit.

14. Force Majeure

In the event of my being unable to meet my obligations due to circumstances beyond my control and risk, I shall be entitled to dissolve the contract without being liable to pay any compensation whatsoever. Such circumstances (force majeure) include, but are not limited to: fire, exceptionally bad weather conditions, accidents, illness, strikes, riots, war, terrorist attacks, transport restrictions and delays, government measures, disruption of the services of Internet providers, negligence on the part of suppliers or any other circumstances beyond my control. I shall endeavor to notify the Client of the impeding circumstances as soon as possible. The Client shall pay me for any work completed and I shall use my best endeavors to assist the Client in taking adequate remedial action.

15. Version discrepancies

In case of discrepancies between the version of my Business Terms published on my website (i.e., this version) and a PDF version sent by mail or email, the version published on my website shall prevail.

16. Complaints

Any complaint by the Client about my work shall be submitted to me within 14 calendar days. If a dispute cannot be resolved between us, it will be subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the competent Dutch court.

[Last updated 01/04/2023]